Adjectives ending in ED and ING

English Grammar Notes

There are many adjectives that we have in English that end in -ED or -ING.
Yes, that's correct, they are not only endings that we use for verbs!

An adjective that ends in -ING is used to describe: the characteristic of a person or a thing.

An adjective that ends in -ED is used to describe: a feeling.

Compare the difference:

You can use these adjectives to describe people or situations but be careful that you are using the correct adjective. For example, there is a big difference in meaning between:

Of course, you could also find both adjectives in the same sentence. Then you really need to concentrate on the intent / context of the sentence.


Note that the sentences above are to highlight how both adjectives can appear in the same sentence though it isn't common (because it sounds repetitive).

Also see our article about the Pronunciation of words ending in -ED.

List of Adjectives ending in -ED and -ING

There is quite a long list of adjectives ending in -ED and -ING in English, and most of them are based on a verb that can be changed into an adjective by adding either -ED or -ING.

Some of the more common ones include:

Next activity

Check out our interactive game to practice: Adjectives ending in -ED and -ING

Check out our grammar notes about Compound Adjectives which sometimes contain both adjectives and adverbs.

If you found this grammar guide about Adjectives ending in -ED and -ING useful, let others know about it:

Grammar Notes

A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students.

Learn Grammar

Grammar Games

Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. There are many different topics and levels.

Play our Games

Connect with us

Woodward English on Facebook Woodward English on Twitter Woodward English on YouTube Woodward English on Instagram Woodward English on TSU Woodward English on Pinterest Woodward English on Google Plus