English Grammar Rules
For regular verbs, we normally add ED to form its past participle. Unfortunately for irregular verbs there are no rules and it is just a matter of practice.
The highlighted words below are examples of past participles:
- She hasn't finished her assignment yet.
- I still haven't found my keys.
2. Past perfect
- Chris was ill because he had eaten too much chocolate.
- She missed the bus because she hadn't set her alarm.
3. Future perfect
- Jamie will have been in Australia for one year in April.
- He will have gone by the time you arrive.
4. Conditional perfect
- If his passport had not been stolen, Adam would have gone to Brazil.
- I wouldn't have known if you hadn't told me.
- The west coast of The USA was struck by torrential rain last night.
- The painting was stolen in the middle of the night.
Participles as adjectives
Past Participles can also be used like an adjective in front of a noun:
- The stolen baby was found by the police unharmed.
- Dean's broken arm was set in plaster by the doctor at the hospital.
- Please bring all of the required documents for your interview tomorrow.
A list of some of the more common irregular past participles can be found
Irregular Verbs - Past Tense and Past Participles.
Also see our article about the Pronunciation of ED.
Try our interactive game to practice Past Participles.
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