Past Participles

English Grammar Rules


Past participles are used for all perfect tense forms of a verb and in the passive voice in English.

For regular verbs, we normally add ED to form its past participle. Unfortunately for irregular verbs there are no rules and it is just a matter of practice.

The highlighted words below are examples of past participles:

1. Present perfect

2. Past perfect

3. Future perfect

4. Conditional perfect

5. Passive Voice


Participles as adjectives

Past Participles can also be used like an adjective in front of a noun:




Next activities

A list of some of the more common irregular past participles can be found here:
Irregular Verbs - Past Tense and Past Participles.

Also see our article about the Pronunciation of ED.

Try our interactive game to practice Past Participles.


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