Subject Pronouns

English Grammar

The subject of a sentence is a person or thing that performs the action of the verb.

Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject (person or thing) of a verb.

We do NOT normally say:

Saying the word "John" twice is repetitive and does not sound natural.

We replace the Subject (John) that appears the second time with a subject pronoun to avoid repetition (and in this case to avoid saying the name John again.)

So we would say:

We replace the second "John" with the Subject Pronoun "He".

What are the subject pronouns in English?

These are the subject pronouns we use in English

Singular or Plural - Who? Masculine or Feminine
I Singular - first person masculine or feminine
You Singular - second person masculine or feminine
He Singular - third person only masculine
She Singular - third person only feminine
It Singular - third person object / thing / animal
We Plural - first person masculine or feminine
You Plural - second person masculine or feminine
They Plural - third person masculine or feminine

When do you use IT?

IT is normally used when we refer to objects, things, animals or ideas (and not normally people).

Sometimes when we don't know the sex of a baby (we don't know if it is a boy or girl), then we can use IT.

We use IT when we talk about the time, weather or temperature.

Subject Pronouns Chart

Here is a chart with cartoons showing the different Subject Pronouns we use in English:

Subject Pronouns in English

Next activity

See our notes about Object Pronouns to compare the difference.

English Teacher Resource

We have a version of this Subject Pronouns chart that English Teachers (and parents) can use with their students. There is the full chart (a better version of the one above) as well as individual charts of one pronoun per A4 page (great for decorating the classroom wall). You can find it here:

English Subject Pronouns Chart and individual flash cards


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